Important advice on what to do if you have a stroke

Having had first hand experience of this ( you can read about it HERE ) you need a cool head to decide on what to do if you have a stroke as having one is like having a traffic jam in your brain. It happens when something disrupts the flow of blood to a part of your brain, similar to how a traffic jam can block the flow of cars on a road. In my case it was unexplained blurred vision when I looked into a mirror.

Here’s why it happens: Your brain needs a constant supply of blood to get oxygen and nutrients. If a blood vessel that supplies the brain gets blocked or bursts, it can lead to a stroke. Think of it like a pipe getting clogged or bursting, causing water to stop flowing or leak where it shouldn’t.

what to do if you have a stroke











There are two main types of strokes:

  1. Ischemic Stroke: This is like a blockage in the brain’s blood highway. It occurs when a blood clot or fatty deposit (plaque) blocks a blood vessel, cutting off the blood supply to a part of the brain.
  2. Hemorrhagic Stroke: This is like a burst pipe in the brain. It happens when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures, causing bleeding inside the brain. The pressure from the bleeding can damage brain cells.


Doctors use several methods to diagnose strokes. These methods help them determine the type of stroke, its location, and the extent of damage. Here are the primary diagnostic tools and procedures:

  • Physical Examination: The doctor will start with a physical examination and review the patient’s medical history. They will ask about symptoms, risk factors, and the time of symptom onset. This information is crucial for determining treatment options.

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  • Neurological Examination: The doctor will conduct a neurological exam to assess the patient’s brain function. This may include checking reflexes, muscle strength, coordination, and sensory perception.
  • Imaging Tests:
    • CT Scan (Computed Tomography): This is often the first imaging test performed to determine if the stroke is caused by a clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). It can also show the location and size of the stroke.
    • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): An MRI provides more detailed images of the brain and can help distinguish between different types of strokes. It’s particularly useful for detecting small strokes or those in specific brain regions.
  • Blood Tests: Blood tests can help identify certain risk factors for stroke, such as high cholesterol levels, blood sugar levels, and clotting disorders.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG): This test records the electrical activity of the heart. It can help detect irregular heart rhythms (atrial fibrillation) that may contribute to stroke risk.
  • Carotid Ultrasound: This test uses sound waves to create images of the carotid arteries in the neck. It helps assess if there is any narrowing or blockage of these arteries, which can increase the risk of stroke.
  • Cerebral Angiography: In some cases, a cerebral angiogram may be performed. It involves injecting contrast dye into blood vessels and taking X-ray images to visualize the blood vessels in the brain. This can help identify aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, or other vascular abnormalities that may lead to stroke. This was one of the procedures that I had done after having been diagnosed with a stroke.
  • Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap): Although less common, a lumbar puncture may be done in certain situations to analyze the cerebrospinal fluid for signs of bleeding or infection.
  • Transesophageal Echocardiogram (TEE): This specialized ultrasound test can provide a closer look at the heart’s structures, especially if there is suspicion of a heart-related cause of stroke.

Here is a YouTube video which explains what doctors look for in different scans to determine whether a stroke has taken place.

The combination of these diagnostic tests and assessments helps doctors determine the cause and severity of the stroke, guiding them in making appropriate treatment decisions. Time is critical in stroke diagnosis and treatment, so seeking medical attention immediately when stroke symptoms are suspected is crucial for the best possible outcome.


As for a cure, it depends on the type of stroke:

  • Ischemic Stroke: In many cases, doctors can give medication called “clot-busters” to dissolve the clot and restore blood flow. They might also recommend procedures like a thrombectomy to physically remove the clot. Long-term treatment may involve medications and lifestyle changes to prevent future strokes.
  • Hemorrhagic Stroke: Treating this type of stroke usually involves stopping the bleeding and reducing pressure in the brain. Surgery may be needed to repair the damaged blood vessel or remove blood clots. Medications and other treatments may also be used to manage symptoms and prevent complications.

As a result of the medical tests that that were performed on me I was fortunate when told that by taking 1 aspirin a day for the rest of my life I should avoid a recurrence of a stroke.


The speed and extent of recovery after a stroke vary greatly from person to person and depend on several factors, including the type of stroke, the area of the brain affected, the severity of the damage, and the individual’s overall health and age. Recovery is typically categorized into short-term and long-term phases:

  1. Short-Term Recovery (Days to Weeks):
    • Immediate Medical Care: The first hours and days after a stroke are critical. Swift medical intervention can minimize damage and improve outcomes.
    • Acute Treatment: If the stroke is caused by a blood clot, treatments like clot-busting medication or thrombectomy may be administered to restore blood flow to the brain.
    • Hospitalization: Patients are usually closely monitored in the hospital, where healthcare professionals focus on stabilizing their condition, preventing complications, and providing early rehabilitation.
    • Physical and Occupational Therapy: In the acute phase, stroke survivors often begin physical and occupational therapy to regain basic motor skills and independence.
  2. Long-Term Recovery (Months to Years):
    • Rehabilitation: Stroke survivors typically continue rehabilitation after leaving the hospital. This may involve physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and sometimes recreational therapy.
    • Adaptive Strategies: Patients and their families learn to adapt to any permanent disabilities. This may include using mobility aids, assistive devices, or making home modifications for safety.
    • Medications: Some individuals may need long-term medications to manage stroke-related conditions like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or diabetes.
    • Lifestyle Changes: Lifestyle modifications such as a healthy diet, regular exercise, smoking cessation, and alcohol moderation can significantly impact recovery and reduce the risk of future strokes.
    • Emotional Support: Stroke survivors may experience emotional challenges such as depression, anxiety, or changes in personality. Support from mental health professionals and support groups can be beneficial.
    • Continued Improvement: Recovery can continue for months or even years after a stroke. Many people see significant gains in their abilities and quality of life over time.

It’s important to note that not all stroke survivors experience the same level of recovery. Some may recover fully and regain their previous level of functioning, while others may have long-lasting disabilities. The key factors that influence recovery include the extent of brain damage, the availability and intensity of rehabilitation, and the individual’s motivation and support system.

Early intervention and ongoing rehabilitation play a crucial role in improving outcomes after a stroke. Setting realistic goals and working closely with healthcare professionals can help stroke survivors maximize their recovery potential. Patience, perseverance, and a positive attitude also contribute to the journey of recovery.


It’s important to remember that getting medical help quickly is crucial when determining what to do if you have a stroke. Time is of the essence because the longer the brain is deprived of blood and oxygen, the more damage can occur. So, if you suspect someone is having a stroke, call 911 or emergency services immediately. Strokes can be very serious, but with prompt medical attention and rehabilitation, many people can recover and regain their quality of life to some extent.

pH Balance in Body is Vital to Good Health

Are you doing enough to maintain your health? Maybe you are or maybe you aren’t but with the amount of information available I’m very sure you have been able to pick up quite a number of healthy living or wellness tips. When it comes to health, people have become more conscious and are likely doing a lot of things right – watching what they eat, making sure to exercise regularly and taking actions to reduce stress wherever possible.  However, you need to be conscious of one factor. Studies show that your health is affected by your body’s pH balance and impacts it directly thereby playing an important role in determining your energy levels, digestion, and skin health.  Your risk for certain diseases may be increased including for osteoporosis, cancer, and obesity.

pH balance


Maintaining Optimum Health through pH balance

According to a recent study, optimum health can only be achieved through pH balance. In a healthy human being, the body fluids – blood, saliva, and spinal fluid have a pH of approximately 7.4 but this does not include that of the stomach. Because the pH of these body fluids are almost the same, with a slight difference that is negligible, the use of the pH result from the test carried out using saliva can serve as a good indicator of the pH level of these other body fluid. The electrical chemistry of the body can be interfered with if there is a rise or drop of either one.

An acidic pH has been found to be more harmful than an alkaline pH so also, will an extremely alkaline pH adversely affect the body’s chemistry. So the key is to maintain balance.

The reason why there is so much talk about an acidic pH is because the diet of average westerner consists of foods – meat, dairy, poultry, fish etc. that result in the production acidic waste ash.  Critical elementary mechanisms inside the body can be disorientated by an extremely acidic environment. Do you know that acids are able to remove the negative charge from red blood cells thereby causing them to clump together? This will result in reduced flow through blood vessels. When this occurs, there is a tendency for tissue or cell death as the cells of the body receive less oxygen because there is little gas exchange in the capillaries. The impact of the alkaline and acidic mineral intake on our body is, in fact, more than we ever imagined.

A medical study has found that there could be a connection between chronic excess acidity and deteriorative diseases including heart disease, diabetes, cancer, arthritis, premature aging, obesity, kidney stones, osteoporosis, and tooth decay.

Immediate symptoms could result if a condition called acidosis occurs when the overall body pH reaches an acidic state.

The Alkaline/Ph Diet: Fad or Not?

The health and wellness industry is a multi-billion dollar industry and a vast one when you quantify what that means in terms of the information available. Sometimes this information could be detailed and be from respectable sources, at other times it could be vague, and other times available data is propagated by businesses who are trying to sell one product or the other.

ph balance

Nutrition, Vitamin absorption, and pH

According to the alkaline diet proponents, it may seem that your body can’t digest nutrients because it is too busy maintaining the acid-alkaline. They claim that if you reduce the acidic load you can reverse this situation. Mathematically this may sound true or feel authentic, but what people fail to understand is the body is the ultimate machine and can conveniently take care of itself. Your body will only be that “busy” if the organs responsible for taking care of toxic wastes in your body no longer function properly – and this only happens during certain disease states.

Urine and Blood pH

The stomach contains hydrochloric acid – a lot of it – and its pH value is between 2 and 3.5 because it is necessary to decompose food, whereas the human blood is slightly alkaline – always. The blood pH value can only fall out of normal range during certain disease states. This is in no way connected to the foods one eats each day. Your blood pH remains constant when you are healthy. Your body’s mechanism is capable of regulating the pH balance closely making it almost impossible for external influence to negatively affect it. We would be always fighting some kind of illness if this weren’t true.

What people misinterpret is the value of the pH of the urine. If you go ahead to test the pH of your urine a few hours after eating a diet that is rich in meats or any acid producing meal, you will notice it to be more alkaline. What they fail to realize is that the organ – the kidney – necessary for removing toxic substances has simply done its job. Urine is a poor indicator of body pH because it is subject to other factors asides diet. According to an article on – The Acid-Alkaline Myth: Part 1 most of the proponents of the ‘alkaline diet’ base their arguments on the ‘acid-ash hypothesis’. This hypothesis fails to recognize the ability of the kidney to deal with ‘acid ash’.

Clinical trials made by researchers also noted that acid-forming diets do not have a negative impact on calcium metabolism. In fact, it has been noted that increased protein intake benefits ‘calcium metabolism and on markers for bone health’.

Not clinical trials, nor physiology, nor observational data support the ‘acid-ash’ hypothesis of osteoporosis.


Hence, eating healthy, exercising regularly, effectively managing stress, and taking as much rest when needed are the activities you require to maintain proper pH balance and optimum health. If the necessary organs for toxic bodily waste are working efficiently as designed then you have nothing to worry about.

James Kelly

High Wycombe, Western Australia, 6057