Important advice on what to do if you have a stroke

Having had first hand experience of this ( you can read about it HERE ) you need a cool head to decide on what to do if you have a stroke as having one is like having a traffic jam in your brain. It happens when something disrupts the flow of blood to a part of your brain, similar to how a traffic jam can block the flow of cars on a road. In my case it was unexplained blurred vision when I looked into a mirror.

Here’s why it happens: Your brain needs a constant supply of blood to get oxygen and nutrients. If a blood vessel that supplies the brain gets blocked or bursts, it can lead to a stroke. Think of it like a pipe getting clogged or bursting, causing water to stop flowing or leak where it shouldn’t.

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There are two main types of strokes:

  1. Ischemic Stroke: This is like a blockage in the brain’s blood highway. It occurs when a blood clot or fatty deposit (plaque) blocks a blood vessel, cutting off the blood supply to a part of the brain.
  2. Hemorrhagic Stroke: This is like a burst pipe in the brain. It happens when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures, causing bleeding inside the brain. The pressure from the bleeding can damage brain cells.


Doctors use several methods to diagnose strokes. These methods help them determine the type of stroke, its location, and the extent of damage. Here are the primary diagnostic tools and procedures:

  • Physical Examination: The doctor will start with a physical examination and review the patient’s medical history. They will ask about symptoms, risk factors, and the time of symptom onset. This information is crucial for determining treatment options.

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  • Neurological Examination: The doctor will conduct a neurological exam to assess the patient’s brain function. This may include checking reflexes, muscle strength, coordination, and sensory perception.
  • Imaging Tests:
    • CT Scan (Computed Tomography): This is often the first imaging test performed to determine if the stroke is caused by a clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). It can also show the location and size of the stroke.
    • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): An MRI provides more detailed images of the brain and can help distinguish between different types of strokes. It’s particularly useful for detecting small strokes or those in specific brain regions.
  • Blood Tests: Blood tests can help identify certain risk factors for stroke, such as high cholesterol levels, blood sugar levels, and clotting disorders.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG): This test records the electrical activity of the heart. It can help detect irregular heart rhythms (atrial fibrillation) that may contribute to stroke risk.
  • Carotid Ultrasound: This test uses sound waves to create images of the carotid arteries in the neck. It helps assess if there is any narrowing or blockage of these arteries, which can increase the risk of stroke.
  • Cerebral Angiography: In some cases, a cerebral angiogram may be performed. It involves injecting contrast dye into blood vessels and taking X-ray images to visualize the blood vessels in the brain. This can help identify aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, or other vascular abnormalities that may lead to stroke. This was one of the procedures that I had done after having been diagnosed with a stroke.
  • Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap): Although less common, a lumbar puncture may be done in certain situations to analyze the cerebrospinal fluid for signs of bleeding or infection.
  • Transesophageal Echocardiogram (TEE): This specialized ultrasound test can provide a closer look at the heart’s structures, especially if there is suspicion of a heart-related cause of stroke.

Here is a YouTube video which explains what doctors look for in different scans to determine whether a stroke has taken place.

The combination of these diagnostic tests and assessments helps doctors determine the cause and severity of the stroke, guiding them in making appropriate treatment decisions. Time is critical in stroke diagnosis and treatment, so seeking medical attention immediately when stroke symptoms are suspected is crucial for the best possible outcome.


As for a cure, it depends on the type of stroke:

  • Ischemic Stroke: In many cases, doctors can give medication called “clot-busters” to dissolve the clot and restore blood flow. They might also recommend procedures like a thrombectomy to physically remove the clot. Long-term treatment may involve medications and lifestyle changes to prevent future strokes.
  • Hemorrhagic Stroke: Treating this type of stroke usually involves stopping the bleeding and reducing pressure in the brain. Surgery may be needed to repair the damaged blood vessel or remove blood clots. Medications and other treatments may also be used to manage symptoms and prevent complications.

As a result of the medical tests that that were performed on me I was fortunate when told that by taking 1 aspirin a day for the rest of my life I should avoid a recurrence of a stroke.


The speed and extent of recovery after a stroke vary greatly from person to person and depend on several factors, including the type of stroke, the area of the brain affected, the severity of the damage, and the individual’s overall health and age. Recovery is typically categorized into short-term and long-term phases:

  1. Short-Term Recovery (Days to Weeks):
    • Immediate Medical Care: The first hours and days after a stroke are critical. Swift medical intervention can minimize damage and improve outcomes.
    • Acute Treatment: If the stroke is caused by a blood clot, treatments like clot-busting medication or thrombectomy may be administered to restore blood flow to the brain.
    • Hospitalization: Patients are usually closely monitored in the hospital, where healthcare professionals focus on stabilizing their condition, preventing complications, and providing early rehabilitation.
    • Physical and Occupational Therapy: In the acute phase, stroke survivors often begin physical and occupational therapy to regain basic motor skills and independence.
  2. Long-Term Recovery (Months to Years):
    • Rehabilitation: Stroke survivors typically continue rehabilitation after leaving the hospital. This may involve physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and sometimes recreational therapy.
    • Adaptive Strategies: Patients and their families learn to adapt to any permanent disabilities. This may include using mobility aids, assistive devices, or making home modifications for safety.
    • Medications: Some individuals may need long-term medications to manage stroke-related conditions like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or diabetes.
    • Lifestyle Changes: Lifestyle modifications such as a healthy diet, regular exercise, smoking cessation, and alcohol moderation can significantly impact recovery and reduce the risk of future strokes.
    • Emotional Support: Stroke survivors may experience emotional challenges such as depression, anxiety, or changes in personality. Support from mental health professionals and support groups can be beneficial.
    • Continued Improvement: Recovery can continue for months or even years after a stroke. Many people see significant gains in their abilities and quality of life over time.

It’s important to note that not all stroke survivors experience the same level of recovery. Some may recover fully and regain their previous level of functioning, while others may have long-lasting disabilities. The key factors that influence recovery include the extent of brain damage, the availability and intensity of rehabilitation, and the individual’s motivation and support system.

Early intervention and ongoing rehabilitation play a crucial role in improving outcomes after a stroke. Setting realistic goals and working closely with healthcare professionals can help stroke survivors maximize their recovery potential. Patience, perseverance, and a positive attitude also contribute to the journey of recovery.


It’s important to remember that getting medical help quickly is crucial when determining what to do if you have a stroke. Time is of the essence because the longer the brain is deprived of blood and oxygen, the more damage can occur. So, if you suspect someone is having a stroke, call 911 or emergency services immediately. Strokes can be very serious, but with prompt medical attention and rehabilitation, many people can recover and regain their quality of life to some extent.

Bodybuilding workouts for men

A lot of bodybuilders have a wrong notion about bodybuilding workouts. Many are there who tend to isolate some particular group of muscle while exercising. In most of the gyms it is seen that men and women are sitting at several machines pumping and pulling irons that tends to isolate the triceps, back muscles or the biceps. However, such isolation exercises are not wrong, but the compound exercises tend to function more effectively for men who are into bodybuilding.

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Many of these bodybuilders are simply bored or frustrated with the type of exercise they do. This is mainly because the exercise routine they follow fails to procure the desired result. Some of the beginners are also confused about what to do first in the gym.

Whatever might be the scenario here are some most common bodybuilding workouts that are effective for men.

Volume training

These types of workouts are generally self explanatory. In such volume trainings the muscles of a man are trained putting a lot of volume onto them. In this way the blood gets pumping through the muscle and makes them work harder. The body will then gradually repair the muscles and make them stronger and bigger. In general a workout instructor will ask you to use a repetition range to 8-12 times for 3-4 exercises for each muscle. This is in fact the most popular form of workouts for men.

Strength training

Just like volume training, strength training exercises are also explanatory. Generally men are asked to work in a lower rep range in case of strength training. The set of exercise is more, near about 5 sets per exercise but the rep range is near about 1-5 reps. this is another common but great bodybuilding workout for men. One should always keep in mind that a bigger muscle will tend to be the stronger one.

bodybuilding workouts

Compound exercises

Compound exercises are the most favorite workout program of men. The common forms of compound exercises are bench press, military press, deadlift, bent-over row and pull-ups. Bench press is a hot favorite of most workout freaks. This can be performed effectively with the help of dumbbells or a barbell by lying down on a mat. However, as the very name suggests it is good to use a bench to lie down.

bodybuilding workouts
Military press is perfect for shoulder exercise. This can be performed with the help of two dumbbells or a barbell. It helps in the exercise of rotator cuffs and traps of the shoulder.This can be performed either by standing or sitting.

Deadlift is the best among the bodybuilding workouts for the forearms, the hamstrings, the glutes, the hips, the quadriceps, the trapezius, the middle back and the lower back. This is also a great form of compound movement as the legs should be spread shoulder wide while doing this activity.

The two most popular bodybuilding exercises mentioned above forms near about 80% of all types of bodybuilding trainings. It is seen that alteration between these two types of trainings helps to put on ample quantity of muscle mass faster.


When carrying out bodybuilding workouts, it is important that you wear the right clothes and shoes. Make sure the clothes will allow your body to move easily and that the shoes are comfortable enough to keep you well balanced during your workout program.

If you are not working out at a gym you may need some help in selecting the proper equipment to purchase for use in your workout program as well as guidance on the scope and nature of exercises to be carried out. Good quality equipment can be purchased at AMAZON and whilst there are numerous educational books on bodybuilding workouts and bodybuilding guides that can be purchased online I would recommend these top quality ones:-

Simple Steps To Get Huge And Shredded

Bodyweight Bodybuilding Secrets

Body Re-Engineering


Keep fit and enjoy a happy, healthy lifestyle.

James Kelly

High Wycombe, Western Australia,6057